The State of Qatar’s government apparatus consists of the Council of Ministers, ministries, supreme councils and government bodies. The system of governance in the country is based on the separation of powers. The executive power is headed by His Highness the Amir, with the help of the Council of Ministers.

His Highness the Amir issued Amiri Order No. (4) of 2014, appointing His Highness Sheikh Abdullah bin Hamad Al Thani, as his deputy on November 11, 2014.

The Advisory Council represents the legislative power. The judicial power is vested in the courts in accordance with the Constitution. Court rulings are handed out in the name of HH the Amir.

According to the Constitution, the Amir is the Head of State, his person shall be inviolable, and must be respected by all. He is the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, and represents the State at home and abroad in all international relations.

The Prime Minister presides over the sessions of the Council, organises its proceedings and supervises coordination of work among the various Ministries in order to achieve unity and harmony among the governmental organs of the State. The Prime Minister signs, in the name and on behalf of the Council of Ministers, decisions made by the Council.

The organisation of a ministry is set upon the proposal of the Prime Minster, the law defines the powers and functions of ministers and other government bodies.

The Council of Ministers acts as the supreme executive body for all internal and external affairs, in accordance with the Constitution and the provisions of the law.

Ministries and other government entities are responsible for the implementation of public policies and related programmes.